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OpenBabel 2.4.0 released


A major new update to OpenBabel has been released, version 2.4.0 is a significant change and is highly recommended.

New file formats

  • DALTON output files (read only) and DALTON input files (read/write) (Casper Steinmann)
  • JSON format used by ChemDoodle (read/write) (Matt Swain)
  • JSON format used by PubChem (read/write) (Matt Swain)
  • LPMD's atomic configuration file (read/write) (Joaquin Peralta)
  • The format used by the CONTFF and POSFF files in MDFF (read/write) (Kirill Okhotnikov)
  • ORCA output files (read only) and ORCA input files (write only) (Dagmar Lenk)
  • ORCA-AICCM's extended XYZ format (read/write) (Dagmar Lenk)
  • Painter format for custom 2D depictions (write only) (Noel O'Boyle)
  • Siesta output files (read only) (Patrick Avery)
  • Smiley parser for parsing SMILES according to the OpenSMILES specification (read only) (Tim Vandermeersch)
  • STL 3D-printing format (write only) (Matt Harvey)
  • Turbomole AOFORCE output (read only) (Mathias Laurin)
  • A representation of the VDW surface as a point cloud (write only) (Matt Harvey)

New file format capabilities and options

  • AutoDock PDBQT: Options to preserve hydrogens and/or atom names (Matt Harvey)
  • CAR: Improved space group support in .car files (kartlee)
  • CDXML: Read/write isotopes (Roger Sayle)
  • CIF: Extract charges (Kirill Okhotnikov)
  • CIF: Improved support for space-groups and symmetries (Alexandr Fonari)
  • DL_Poly: Cell information is now read (Kirill Okhotnikov)
  • Gaussian FCHK: Parse alpha and beta orbitals (Geoff Hutchison)
  • Gaussian out: Extract true enthalpy of formation, quadrupole, polarizability tensor, electrostatic potential fitting points and potential values, and more (David van der Spoel)
  • MDL Mol: Read in atom class information by default and optionally write it out (Roger Sayle)
  • MDL Mol: Support added for ZBO, ZCH and HYD extensions (Matt Swain)
  • MDL Mol: Implement the MDL valence model on reading (Roger Sayle)
  • MDL SDF: Option to write out an ASCII depiction as a property (Noel O'Boyle)
  • mmCIF: Improved mmCIF reading (Patrick Fuller)
  • mmCIF: Support for atom occupancy and atom_type (Kirill Okhotnikov)
  • Mol2: Option to read UCSF Dock scores (Maciej Wójcikowski)
  • MOPAC: Read z-matrix data and parse (and prefer) ESP charges (Geoff Hutchison)
  • NWChem: Support sequential calculations by optionally overwriting earlier ones (Dmitriy Fomichev)
  • NWChem: Extract info on MEP(IRC), NEB and quadrupole moments (Dmitriy Fomichev)
  • PDB: Read/write PDB insertion codes (Steffen Möller)
  • PNG: Options to crop the margin, and control the background and bond colors (Fredrik Wallner)
  • PQR: Use a stored atom radius (if present) in preference to the generic element radius (Zhixiong Zhao)
  • PWSCF: Extend parsing of lattice vectors (David Lonie)
  • PWSCF: Support newer versions, and the 'alat' term (Patrick Avery)
  • SVG: Option to avoid addition of hydrogens to fill valence (Lee-Ping)
  • SVG: Option to draw as ball-and-stick (Jean-Noël Avila)
  • VASP: Vibration intensities are calculated (Christian Neiss, Mathias Laurin)
  • VASP: Custom atom element sorting on writing (Kirill Okhotnikov)

Other new features and improvements

  • 2D layout: Improved the choice of which bonds to designate as hash/wedge bonds around a stereo center (Craig James)
  • 3D builder: Use bond length corrections based on bond order from Pyykko and Atsumi ( (Geoff Hutchison)
  • 3D generation: "--gen3d", allow user to specify the desired speed/quality (Geoff Hutchison)
  • Aromaticity: Improved detection (Geoff Hutchison)
  • Canonicalisation: Changed behaviour for multi-molecule SMILES. Now each molecule is canonicalized individually and then sorted. (Geoff Hutchison/Tim Vandermeersch)
  • Charge models: "--print" writes the partial charges to standard output after calculation (Geoff Hutchison)
  • Conformations: Confab, the systematic conformation generator, has been incorporated into Open Babel (David Hall/Noel O'Boyle)
  • Conformations: Initial support for ring rotamer sampling (Geoff Hutchison)
  • Conformer searching: Performance improvement by avoiding gradient calculation and optimising the default parameters (Geoff Hutchison)
  • EEM charge model: Extend to use additional params from (Tomáš Raček)
  • FillUnitCell operation: Improved behavior (Patrick Fuller)
  • Find duplicates: The "--duplicate" option can now return duplicates instead of just removing them (Chris Morley)
  • GAFF forcefield: Atom types updated to match Wang et al. J. Comp. Chem. 2004, 25, 1157 (Mohammad Ghahremanpour)
  • New charge model: EQeq crystal charge equilibration method (a speed-optimized crystal-focused charge estimator, (David Lonie)
  • New charge model: "fromfile" reads partial charges from a named file (Matt Harvey)
  • New conversion operation: "changecell", for changing cell dimensions (Kirill Okhotnikov)
  • New command-line utility: "obthermo", for extracting thermochemistry data from QM calculations (David van der Spoel)
  • New fingerprint: ECFP (Geoff Hutchison/Noel O'Boyle/Roger Sayle)
  • OBConversion: Improvements and API changes to deal with a long-standing memory leak (David Koes)
  • OBAtom::IsHBondAcceptor(): Definition updated to take into account the atom environment (Stefano Forli)
  • Performance: Faster ring-finding algorithm (Roger Sayle)
  • Performance: Faster fingerprint similarity calculations if compiled with -DOPTIMIZE_NATIVE=ON (Noel O'Boyle/Jeff Janes)
  • SMARTS matching: The "-s" option now accepts an integer specifying the number of matches required (Chris Morley)
  • UFF: Update to use traditional Rappe angle potential (Geoff Hutchison)

Language bindings

  • Bindings: Support compiling only the bindings against system libopenbabel (Reinis Danne)
  • Java bindings: Add example Scala program using the Java bindings (Reinis Danne)
  • New bindings: PHP (Maciej Wójcikowski)
  • PHP bindings: BaPHPel, a simplified interface (Maciej Wójcikowski)
  • Python bindings: Add 3D depiction support for Jupyter notebook (Patrick Fuller)
  • Python bindings, Pybel: calccharges() and convertdbonds() added (Patrick Fuller, Björn Grüning)
  • Python bindings, Pybel: compress output if filename ends with .gz (Maciej Wójcikowski)
  • Python bindings, Pybel: Residue support (Maciej Wójcikowski)

Development/Build/Install Improvements

  • Version control: move to git and GitHub from subversion and SourceForge
  • Continuous integration: Travis for Linux builds and Appveyor for Windows builds (David Lonie and Noel O'Boyle)
  • Python installer: Improvements to the Python installer and "pip install openbabel" (David Hall, Matt Swain, Joshua Swamidass)
  • Compilation speedup: Speed up compilation by combining the tests (Noel O'Boyle)
  • MacOSX: Support compiling with libc++ on MacOSX (Matt Swain)

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