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Ten simple rules for writing and sharing computational analyses in Jupyter Notebooks


As a regular Jupyter/Python user this publication (PLoS Comput Biol 15(7): e1007007) DOI is a great reminder of good practice, and as Jupyter becomes increasingly popular as a means to share code/data/results writing the notebook in a manner that helps readers is increasingly important.

This ability to combine executable code and descriptive text in a single document has close ties to Knuth’s notion of “literate programming” and has convinced many researchers to switch to computational notebooks from other programming environments. Jupyter Notebooks in particular have seen widespread adoption: as of December 2018, there were more than 3 million Jupyter Notebooks shared publicly on GitHub (, many of which document academic research.

There are of course many different ways to share Jupyter notebooks.

Whether you use notebooks to track preliminary analyses, to present polished results to collaborators, as finely tuned pipelines for recurring analyses, or for all of the above, following this advice will help you write and share analyses that are easier to read, run, and explore.

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